5 Key Takeaways on the Road to Dominating Businesses

A Plan for Preparedness and Management of Disasters

Risks in urban areas all over the world have arisen such as more tall buildings, more people to populate the area, addition of overhead power cables, and informal housing units because of the influx of migrants from rural areas who are job hunting. This situation together with rapid industrialization, more oil storage tanks and oil pipelines, occurrence of natural calamities such as earthquakes leads to a great disaster to come. Recently, we have seen that in several parts of the world that experienced a lot of disasters, people have varying levels of preparedness and ways of responding to these disasters. In the concept of mitigation, activities and measures included are put in place in order to minimize the disaster’s effects and impact. In addition to this, the physical, economic, and social effects or impacts of disaster to a given population or area are covered. Past experience has shown us that being prepared for disasters to a certain degree can mitigate the effects to a large extent unlike areas that are not properly prepared. A lot of factors have to be considered depending on the locality and the community concerned. The two categories for these measures are called structural and non-structural.

These measures of preparedness that mitigate disasters, both structural and non-structural, are further classified into active or passive. In active measures, the incentive reward scheme is done to encourage people or organizations to create disaster ready surroundings. Usually, the active measures are more effective than the passive measures that depend on laws and controls. This is proven by the fact that city planning codes and rules which are based on the law lack effectiveness unless thoroughly implemented with the strong participation of the owners of buildings. One way to promote the implementation of safety measures in constructions is to provide subsidies and decrease insurance premiums.

When disasters happen, the government and the local authorities need to have preparedness efforts to clear structures for handling. The plans and policies to be implemented must be simple and easy in order to have a good disaster preparedness and management unit. Increasing the awareness of the public and organization members should be required and that warning systems should be properly placed and regularly checked, including the proper planning of land use. When planning for a disaster is not properly done or is not considered, chaotic events will occur such as fires and it will make vehicles such as fire trucks and ambulances difficult to reach the victim due to impassable roads. If pre planning is not done or made, it would be difficult and challenging to respond to disaster like post disaster management.